Interview Questions, Answers and Tutorials

Category: Software Testing

Scrum Artifacts

Scrum’s artifacts represent work or value. They are designed to maximize the transparency of key information. Thus, everyone inspecting them has the same basis for adaptation. Each artifact contains a commitment to ensure it provides information that enhances transparency and focus against which progress can be measured: ● For the Product Backlog, it is the Product Goal.● For the Sprint Backlog, it is the Sprint Goal.● For the Increment, it is the Definition of Done. These commitments exist to reinforce empiricism and the Scrum values for the Scrum Team and their stakeholders. Product Backlog The Product Backlog is an emergent, Read More

Scrum Events

The Sprint is a container for all other events. Each event in Scrum is a formal opportunity to inspect and adapt Scrum artifacts. These events are specifically designed to enable the transparency required. Failure to operate any events as prescribed results in lost opportunities to inspect and adapt. Events are used in Scrum to create regularity and to minimize the need for meetings not defined in Scrum. Optimally, all events are held at the same time and place to reduce complexity. The Sprint Sprints are the heartbeat of Scrum, where ideas are turned into value. They are fixed length events Read More

Scrum Team

The fundamental unit of Scrum is a small team of people, a Scrum Team. The Scrum Team consists of one Scrum Master, one Product Owner, and Developers. Within a Scrum Team, there are no sub-teams or hierarchies. It is a cohesive unit of professionals focused on one objective at a time, the Product Goal. Scrum Teams are cross-functional, meaning the members have all the skills necessary to create value for each Sprint. They are also self-managing, meaning they internally decide who does what, when, and how. The Scrum Team is small enough to remain nimble and large enough to complete Read More

Scrum Values

Successful use of Scrum depends on people becoming more proficient in living five values: Commitment, Focus, Openness, Respect, and Courage The Scrum Team commits to achieving its goals and to supporting each other. Their primary focus is on the work of Sprint to make the best possible progress toward these goals. The Scrum Team and its stakeholders are open about the work and the challenges. Scrum Team members respect each other to be capable, independent people, and are respected as such by the people with whom they work. The Scrum Team members have the courage to do the right thing, Read More

Scrum Theory

Scrum is founded on empiricism and lean thinking. Empiricism asserts that knowledge comes from experience and making decisions based on what is observed. Lean thinking reduces waste and focuses on the essentials. Scrum employs an iterative, incremental approach to optimize predictability and control risk. Scrum engages groups of people who collectively have all the skills and expertise to do the work and share or acquire such skills as needed. Scrum combines four formal events for inspection and adaptation within a containing event, the Sprint. These events work because they implement the empirical Scrum pillars of transparency, inspection, and adaptation. Transparency Read More

Scrum Guide

Scrum is a lightweight framework that helps people, teams, and organizations generate value through adaptive solutions for complex problems. In a nutshell, Scrum requires a Scrum Master to foster an environment where: A Product Owner orders the work for a complex problem into a Product Backlog. The Scrum Team turns a selection of the work into an Increment of value during a Sprint. The Scrum Team and its stakeholders inspect the results and adjust for the next Sprint. Repeat Scrum is simple. Try it as is and determine if its philosophy, theory, and structure help to achieve goals and create Read More

ISTQB® Foundation Level 2018 Exam Tips and Tricks

In this section, we give some tips and tricks for better test medication. Before the Test The stylish way to increase your chances to pass the test is to study and to learn. Reading the Syllabus and the Glossary is a must-have. Remember that all the test questions are grounded rigorously on the syllabus. Each of them covers a certain Literacy Ideal. Some questions indeed contain expressions copied from the syllabus. If you read it ahead, during the test you’ll recall these rulings. This will make answering the questions much easier. The knowledge of the Foundation Position – affiliated Glossary Read More

Coverage Criteria

The fundamental issue with testing is that the numbers. Indeed, even a touch program has countless potential data sources. Consider a minuscule technique that figures the traditional of three whole numbers. we’ve just three info factors, however, each can have any worth between -MAXINT and +MAXINT. On a 32-bit machine, every factor features a chance of quite 4 billion qualities. With three sources of information, this suggests the technique has quite 80 Octillion potential data sources! So no matter whether we do unit testing, reconciliation testing, or framework testing, it’s difficult to check with all data sources. the data space Read More

Model-Driven Test Design

We define test design to be the method of making input values that will effectively test software. this is often the foremost mathematical and the technically challenging part of testing, however, academics can easily forget that this is often only a little a part of testing. The job of developing tests is often divided into four discrete tasks: test design, test automation, test execution, and test evaluation. Many organizations assign an equivalent person to all or any tasks. However, each task requires different skills, background, education, and training. Assigning an equivalent person to all or any of these tasks is Read More

Test Personnel and Abstraction

These four tasks specialize in designing, implementing, and running the tests. Of course, they are doing not cover all aspects of testing. This categorization omits important tasks like test management, maintenance, and documentation, among others. We specialize in these because they’re essential to developing test values. A challenge to using a criteria-based test design is that the amount and sort of data needed. Many organizations have a shortage of highly technical test engineers. Few universities teach test criteria to undergraduates and lots of graduate classes specialize in theory, supporting research instead of the application. However, the great news is that with a well-planned division of labor, one criteria-based test designer can support a reasonably sizable amount of test automation, executors, and evaluators. The model-driven test design Read More