Interview Questions, Answers and Tutorials

Creating Classes and Objects

Creating Classes and Objects

Are you ready to dive into the exciting world of Python programming? In this beginner-friendly course, we’ll explore the fundamentals of creating classes and objects, which are essential concepts in object-oriented programming (OOP). Don’t worry if you’re new to coding – we’ll explain everything in a way that’s easy to understand, just like we’re talking to a 10-year-old!

1: Introduction to Classes and Objects

What are Classes? Imagine you have a blueprint to build a house. A class in Python is like that blueprint. It contains instructions for creating something. It defines what something can do and what information it can remember.

What are Objects? Now, think about using that blueprint to build an actual house. An object is like the house you build using the blueprint. It’s a specific instance created from the class. Each object can have its own unique characteristics and behaviors, even though they all follow the same instructions from the class.

Example Code:

class Dog:
    def __init__(self, name, age): = name
        self.age = age

    def bark(self):
        print(f"{} says Woof!")

Practice Questions:

  1. Explain in your own words: What is a class?
  2. What is an object in Python?
  3. How would you define a class named “Cat” with attributes for name and color?


  1. A class in Python is like a blueprint that defines the properties and behaviors of an object.
  2. An object in Python is an instance of a class. It represents a specific thing created using the instructions from the class.
class Cat:
    def __init__(self, name, color): = name
        self.color = color

2: Creating a Class:

Let’s say we want to create a class for a ‘Car’. In Python, we start by using the keyword class followed by the name of our class. Inside the class, we define what a car is made of, like its color, model, and speed. These are called attributes. We also define what a car can do, like drive or honk. These are called methods.

class Car:
    def __init__(self, color, model, speed):
        self.color = color
        self.model = model
        self.speed = speed
    def drive(self):
        return "The car is driving."

    def honk(self):
        return "Beep! Beep!"

3: Creating and Using Objects

Creating Objects: To create an object from a class, we use a special function called the constructor (__init__ in Python). This function initializes the object with any initial values we want to give it.

Using Objects: Once we have created an object, we can use it to access its attributes (properties) and methods (behaviors). We do this using dot notation (object.attribute or object.method()).

Example Code:

# Creating objects of class Dog
dog1 = Dog("Buddy", 3)
dog2 = Dog("Max", 5)

# Accessing attributes
print(  # Output: Buddy
print(dog2.age)   # Output: 5

# Using methods
dog1.bark()  # Output: Buddy says Woof!
dog2.bark()  # Output: Max says Woof!

Practice Questions:

  1. How do you create an object from a class in Python?
  2. Explain how you would access an attribute of an object.
  3. What is the purpose of the __init__ method in a class?


  1. To create an object from a class in Python, you call the class name followed by parentheses, passing any required arguments to the constructor.
  2. You can access an attribute of an object using dot notation: object.attribute.
  3. The __init__ method is a special method in Python classes used for initializing objects. It gets called automatically when you create a new object from the class.

4: Practice Exercises

Now, it’s time to practice what you’ve learned! Try solving the following exercises:

  1. Create a class named Rectangle with attributes length and width. Add a method named area that calculates and returns the area of the rectangle.
  2. Create two objects of the Rectangle class with different lengths and widths. Calculate and print the area of each rectangle.


class Rectangle:
    def __init__(self, length, width):
        self.length = length
        self.width = width

    def area(self):
        return self.length * self.width

# Creating objects
rect1 = Rectangle(4, 5)
rect2 = Rectangle(3, 6)

# Calculating and printing area
print("Area of Rectangle 1:", rect1.area())  # Output: 20
print("Area of Rectangle 2:", rect2.area())  # Output: 18

Congratulations! You’ve now learned the basics of creating classes and objects in Python. Keep practicing and experimenting with different classes and objects to deepen your understanding. Happy coding!