Interview Questions, Answers and Tutorials

Extending classes and reusing code

Extending classes and reusing code

Hey there future Python master! Today, we’re going to dive into a super cool topic called “Extending Classes and Reusing Code in Inheritance” using Python. Don’t let the big words scare you! We’ll break it down step by step and have a lot of fun along the way.

What is Inheritance? Imagine you have a super awesome robot, and you want to make a new robot that’s similar but with a few extra tricks. Inheritance is like copying some of the cool abilities of the first robot into the new one, so you don’t have to build everything from scratch. Pretty neat, right?

Understanding Inheritance

Imagine you have a box of building blocks. Each block can be of a different shape, size, or color. Now, you want to build something amazing, like a spaceship. Instead of starting from scratch, you can use pieces from another toy, like a car, and add more blocks to make it look like a spaceship. This is similar to how inheritance works in programming.

In Python, we have classes, which are like blueprints for creating objects. With inheritance, we can create new classes that take all the features and functions from existing classes, and then add more features or change some things if needed.

Extending Classes with Inheritance

Let’s start with a simple example. Suppose we have a class called Animal, which has basic attributes like name and sound. Now, we want to create a more specific class called Dog which is an animal but with additional behaviors specific to dogs.

class Animal:
    def __init__(self, name): = name
    def make_sound(self):
        print("Some generic animal sound")

class Dog(Animal):
    def __init__(self, name, breed):
        self.breed = breed
    def make_sound(self):

In this example, Dog is a subclass of Animal. It inherits the name attribute and the make_sound method from the Animal class. We also added a new attribute breed and overrode the make_sound method to make it specific to dogs.

Reusing Code: When you extend a class, you’re reusing the code from the original class. This saves you a lot of time and effort because you don’t have to write the same code again. Plus, if you ever need to change something, you only have to do it in one place!

Practice Questions:

  1. Can you explain what inheritance is with an example that’s not related to programming?
  2. How do you extend a class in Python?
  3. Why is reusing code important in programming?


  1. Inheritance is like passing down traits from parents to children. For example, a baby might inherit their mother’s curly hair or their father’s green eyes.
  2. In Python, you can extend a class by putting the name of the existing class in parentheses after the name of the new class.
  3. Reusing code is important because it saves time, reduces errors, and makes your code easier to maintain. Instead of writing the same code over and over again, you can just reuse the code you’ve already written. Plus, if you need to make a change, you only have to do it in one place.

Hope this helps you understand how cool inheritance and extending classes are in Python! Keep coding and exploring new things. You’re doing awesome! 🚀